Seabird Species Caught in Set Gillnets

These species have all been recorded as caught in set gillnets, that is, anchored nets; mesh may be midwater or bottom set (International Standard Classification of Fishing Gears codes 07.1 and 07.4).

There are 99 species of seabirds recorded caught in set gillnets. All of these except one (Leach's Storm Petrel) are diving species, and most are highly adept divers. In some taxonomic groups, the majority of species in the group have been recorded in set gillnets. The species recorded in these nets include:

  • 16 of 23 species of sea ducks
  • All species (5) of loons or divers
  • 16 of 24 alcids (murres, murrelets, guillemots, auklets, and puffins)

Grebes are rarely recorded being caught in any gear except gillnets, including set and drift gillnets.

If you are interested in more details about bycatch in any of these species, go to the map tool, choose "Explore by Species," select the species (probably easiest in the "Common name" drop-down box), submit the query, and get a comprehensive report for your species of interest. The report will list all of the references regarding bycatch in the "Gear Interaction References" section.


Ducks (Anseriformes)

Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri
King Eider Somateria spectabilis
Common Eider Somateria mollissima
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca
White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
Black Scoter Melanitta americana
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Smew Mergellus albellus
Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator

Loons or Divers (Gaviiformes)

Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
Black-throated Loon Gavia arctica
Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica
Common Loon Gavia immer
Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii

Penguins (Sphenisciformes)

Fiordland Penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
Yellow-eyed Penguin Megadyptes antipodes
Little Penguin Eudyptula minor
African Penguin Spheniscus demersus
Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus
Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti
Galápagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus

Albatrosses (Procellariiformes)

Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata
Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata
Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris
Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta
Salvin's Albatros Thalassarche salvini
Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos
Buller's Albatross Thalassarche bulleri

Fulmars and Petrels (Procellariiformes)

Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides
Cape Petrel Daption capense
Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur
Gray-faced Petrel Pterodroma gouldi
White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis
Spectacled Petrel Procellaria conspicillata
Westland Petrel Procellaria westlandica

Shearwaters (Procellariiformes)

Cory's Shearwater Calonectris borealis
Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea
Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris
Pink-footed Shearwater Ardenna creatopus
Flesh-footed Shearwater Ardenna carneipes
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus
Fluttering Shearwater Puffinus gavia
Hutton's Shearwater Puffinus huttoni

Storm Petrels (Procellariiformes)

Wilson's Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
Leach's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Grebes (Podicepidiformes)

Great Grebe Podiceps major
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus

Pelicans (Pelecaniformes)

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

Boobies and Shags (Suliformes)

Northern Gannet Morus bassanus
Peruvian Booby Sula variegata
Little Pied Cormorant Microcarbo melanoleucos
Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi
Spotted Shag Phalacrocorax punctatus
Brandt's Cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatus
Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Red-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax urile
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Australian Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax varius
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Japanese Cormorant Phalacrocorax capillatus
Guanay Cormorant Leucocarbo bougainvillii
South Georgia Shag Leucocarbo georgianus
Crozet Shag Leucocarbo melanogenis
Otago Shag Leucocarbo chalconotus

Gulls (Charadriiformes)

Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
European Herring Gull Larus argentatus
American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus

Alcids (Charadriiformes)

Little Auk Alle alle
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia
Common Murre Uria aalge
Razorbill Alca torda
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle
Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba
Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus
Kittlitz's Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris
Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus
Japanese Murrelet Synthliborampus wumizusume
Cassin's Auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus
Least Auklet Aethia pusilla
Rhinoceros Auklet Cerorhinca monocerata
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica
Horned Puffin Fratercula corniculata
Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata